L1 Visa Denied?
The US L1 visa is a valuable tool for multinational companies looking to deploy specialist talent to US-based operations. It offers many benefits both for the employer, seeking to achieve commercial advantage. It is commonly used by larger firms and recently often by tech firms to transfer employees to existing businesses but can also be used by smaller firms to establish a presence in the US. In addition, L1 employees can gain the right to work in the USA and potentially become eligible for a US Green Card.
However, the L1 visa remains a highly-scrutinized route. Stringent eligibility criteria apply and applications must evidence conclusively to the adjudicator why the US-based role cannot be performed by a US-resident worker.
This means it can be challenging for petitioning companies and employees to secure an intracompany transfer visa to the US, without a compelling and comprehensive application.
This article will look at some of the reasons why an L1 visa is denied and what you can do if facing a denied L1 application.
Common grounds for L-1 visa refusal
The L1 visa is a non-immigrant visa that enables companies to send foreign managers or specialist employees to work in their established US operations or to open a new branch in the country.
There are two categories of the L1 visa:
- L-1A: This covers managers and executives and to qualify you must show that you supervise employees in a department or major business function. If you are an executive you must demonstrate you make decisions on a large scale without significant input from superiors.
- L-1B: This covers employees who are indispensable to the company due to their specialist knowledge. This knowledge must be shown to be vital to the function of the company’s products or systems.
The main eligibility requirement on the employee’s behalf is that they have worked for the business for one year in the three preceding years.
Specialized knowledge assessment
One of the most common and increasing reasons why an L1 visa is denied is down to the assessment of specialised knowledge. You will need to provide evidence that the specialist knowledge is both invaluable to the company and cannot be provided by an American employee. If this cannot be proved the USCIS may rule that the visa application must be denied.
If you are applying for an L1-A as a manager or supervisor you will be required to have a number of employees that you oversee. The visa regulations however do not specify the number of employees you need to supervise so this is again down to the interpretation of the officer assessing your petition.
Another major reason an l1 visa is denied is when the wages proposed for the visa applicant are significantly more or less than the standards for that industry in the US. Employers should carefully assess the prevailing wages based on industry and state-specific location.
Business growth is not feasible
It can be tempting for employers to exaggerate their business plan to indicate unrealistic future success. This is a high-risk strategy plan as your plan will be assessed and scrutinized against industry standards and local case studies. Inflated business growth projections can arouse suspicion and increase the chance of the L1 visa being denied.
Documents submitted incorrectly
The application form is extensive and gathering the documents will be time-consuming. However, a simple error or mistake on your application could cause your visa to be rejected. It could be an incorrect job title or inconsistent job descriptions, sending the application to the wrong place or using the wrong delivery method. This is why many people applying for L1 visas choose to enlist the help of an immigration law expert.
Lack of evidence
Applicants must demonstrate that all their claims relating to eligibility are more likely true than not. While this doesn’t mean all doubt must be removed it does mean applicants should do everything in the application to show the claims are probably true.
What to do if your L1 visa is denied
If your L1 visa application is denied, the first step will be to understand why your visa was refused. What does the refusal state are the grounds, and are these valid? Was there an error in your application? Has USCIS made a factual error in its adjudication?
To challenge the decision to refuse your application, you would either appeal directly with the Administrative Appeals Office (AAO) or alternatively through a US District Court.
If you appeal the decision through the AAO this will generally take six months or more and in most cases will simply result in the confirmation of the previous denial issued by USCIS.
In some cases, you will however need to first appeal through the AAO before you are granted the opportunity to appeal through a US District Court. But there are some cases where you can go directly down this route. To do this you would need to demonstrate that the l1 denial through USCIS was either arbitrary, capricious or irrational.
These classifications are arbitrary and it is recommended that to stand the best chance of overturning an L1 visa denial you seek the specialist advice of an expert in US immigration law.
You may also consider alternative immigration options. For example, if your business has an established office or affiliate active in the US already you could consider applying for an H-1B visa. This is a visa that requires the applicant to hold a bachelor’s degree and while the application process is still strict the requirements are not as stringent as the specialized knowledge requirements of the L1 visa. Again, taking professional advice will ensure full consideration is given to all options in the circumstances.
An L1 denial can be extremely frustrating and can cause unwanted delays and expense for employers.
It is always recommended to give the initial application full attention to improve prospects of satisfying eligibility against heightened criteria.
If you have received a refusal, take professional guidance quickly on your options and next steps, which could involve filing a new petition or pursuing a different immigration route.
NNU Immigration are specialist US immigration attorneys. From our central London base, we support companies from across the globe with L-1 visa petitions, providing guidance to the employer and employee through the petitioning process, and also any refusals or appeals.
If you have a question about the L-1 visa application process or eligibility requirements, please contact us.
L1 visa denied FAQs
What happens if L-1 visa is rejected?
If your L1 application is rejected, you would need to understand the grounds for refusal to determine your next steps, whether that is appealing the decision, making a new L1 application or applying under a different category.
How do I appeal my L-1 visa denial?
Depending on the circumstances, to challenge the decision, you would either appeal directly with the Administrative Appeals Office (AAO) or alternatively through a US District Court.
This article does not constitute direct legal advice and is for informational purposes only.