Whatever your motivation for renouncing US citizenship, it will be critical to first understand the wider ramifications.
There are without question many benefits of holding US citizenship; the right to vote, unfettered entry and no US travel restrictions, access to the US job market, US government and consular protection while overseas. Given the irreversible nature of the process, these should all be factored into your decision to renounce US citizenship.
You must also ensure you hold relevant dual citizenship before undertaking the process, to avoid being deemed ‘stateless’.
NNU Immigration are specialists across all areas of US citizenship and immigration, including renunciation of US citizenship.
Renouncing your US citizenship is a formal, legal and most importantly, irreversible act. It is a process to consider carefully.
If you believe you may wish to pursue this path please contact us for a comprehensive review of your circumstances and a detailed discussion about strategy, procedures, timing, and costs.
Contact our US immigration experts
For advice on any aspect of a US visa application, contact our US immigration attorneys.
Those who wish to formally renounce their US citizenship may do so only outside the United States by appearing in person before a US consular or diplomatic officer and signing an oath of renunciation.
Once this is completed, the US Department of State will issue a Certificate of Loss of Nationality.
The particular process and the timing will vary depending on the US Embassy or Consulate where the oath of renunciation takes place.
Anyone intending to renounce US citizenship should be aware that, unless you already possess a foreign nationality, you may be rendered stateless and, thus, lack the protection of any government.
Once a person has renounced US citizenship they will be subject to US immigration and nationality law just as any non-US citizen would be.
This means that to gain entry into the US, the person will need to obtain a US visa or demonstrate they are eligible for admission into the US pursuant to the Visa Waiver Program.
Those who are ineligible for entry into the US for prior convictions for certain offenses (even if the conviction occurred while they were a US citizen) will need to obtain a waiver of inadmissibility prior to entry into the United States.
Anyone considering renunciation of US citizenship should retain a qualified US tax lawyer to ensure all reporting obligations have been met prior to taking a formal oath of renunciation.
A parent may not renounce US citizenship on behalf of their minor children.
If a person under the age of 18 wishes to renounce US citizenship, they must convince the US diplomatic or consular officer that they fully understand the nature and consequences of the oath of renunciation, that they are not subject to duress or undue influence, and are voluntarily seeking to renounce their US citizenship.
The act of renunciation is irrevocable and cannot be set aside absent a successful administrative or judicial appeal.
An exception exists if someone renounces US citizenship before the age of 18, they may have that citizenship reinstated if they make that desire known to the US Department of State within six months of attaining the age of 18.
Renouncing US citizenship is the formal, legal process of giving up US nationality.
‘Relinquishing’ refers to a native-born or naturalized US citizen losing their citizenship by voluntarily performing any of the following expatriating acts with the intention of ‘relinquishing’ citizenship:
Therefore, an individual who has relinquished their citizenship may choose in time to renounce in formal and permanent recognition of their non-US status.